Ear We Are - ENT ORL

All our articles are written by ENT doctors. Through 6 categories – hearing, ear, hearing aid, nose, diver, tobacco – you will find medical information related to ENT pathologies (nose, throat, ears) ; hearing, hearing loss and hearing aids ; tobacco, which has a major impact on the ENT sphere, as well as a specific category, dedicated to the diver’s ear and the diver in immersion. Enjoy your reading !

Sans titre
Ear

The absolute ear : Asset or handicap ?

The absolute ear is defined by the ability to immediately associate a sound with a note without any prior reference, unlike the relative ear which recognizes the note according to a referent note heard (the “A” for example). Very few individuals have an absolute ear: it is estimated that one person in 10,000 has it. The beneficiary of an absolute ear thus possesses a sort

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plongée et tabac : une surprenante conclusion
Diver in immersion

Diving and smoking : a surprising conclusion !

This thesis was written in 2006. Its aim was to investigate, in an objective way, if there were more diving accidents in smokers than in non-smokers and, in particular, undeserved accidents. Then, if so, to judge the speed and quality of recovery in both cases. In 2006, there were very few, if any, articles dealing with

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Petite vademecum des affections de l'oreille
Ear

Small vade mecum of the affections of the ear

There are many disorders of the ear. We will limit ourselves to mention the most important or the most annoying, even the most frequent. Tinnitus. Tinnitus is spreading like wildfire all over the world: it is the disease of the century. Tinnitus is a permanent noise that is often very unpleasant for the person who hears it and can make our daily life unbearable. Tinnitus can take any form

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Neurinome de l'acoustique et téléphone
Hearing

Acoustic neuroma and telephone

Acoustic neuroma is a benign nerve tumor developed at the expense of cells of the Schwann sheath, which coats the auditory nerve, in particular its vestibular branch, which makes it prefer the exact term of vestibular schwannoma.The nerves of the peripheral nervous system are surrounded by Schwann cells that twist around themselves along the nerve, enveloping it in its entirety, forming a stack of membranes

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Epistaxis, le saignement du nez
Nose

Epistaxis

In the vast majority of cases, it is a child who bleeds frequently from the nose (on one or both sides) and who returns regularly to the consultation. The examination reveals small vessels on the vascular spot (the front wall of the nasal septum), forming a real tree-like structure. These vessels are fragile and bleed at the slightest local mishap (untimely scratching, chronic purulent or

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COVID-19 : rhumes d'hier et d'aujourd'hui
Nose

“Colds” of yesterday and today

What is commonly called “cold” is a rhinopharyngitis – that is to say an affection of the upper airways (nasal cavity and pharynx) – very often benign, mainly seasonal (winter) but not only, triggered in 40% of the cases by a specific virus (the rhinovirus) but also by other types of viruses known since “always”: the adenovirus, the respiratory syncytial virus, the influenza virus (the

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Pathologies ORL et aptitude à la plongée et à l'apnée
Diver in immersion

ENT pathologies and aptitude for diving and apnea

The ear is the most important organ in diving and any ear disease will influence the medical decision. The list is the same as that of the National Medical and Prevention Commission, although the rules may be less rigorous, especially for definitive contraindications, as we shall see. But to say this is to know the diver or the freediver, his motivation, his past, his maturity

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équilibrage de la trompe en apnée
Diver in immersion

Consensus for the eustachian tube balance in apnea ?

This approach only concerns freedivers who have a problem with their tubes, both during descent and ascent, and who are considered to be healthy. On the other hand, we will only mention recreational freediving: deep freediving generally does not pose a problem for the divers concerned, who master the techniques that we will recall here. Let us specify from the outset that each case is

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l'apport des cures thermales en ORL
Nose

The contribution of thermal cures in ENT

Since the Roman period and throughout the following centuries, the curists frequented the thermal establishments implanted for the most part in the exact location of the ancient Roman baths. In the XIXth century, inhalations were added, often used in pathologies ENT and we associate the benefits of the water of cure by using it as simple drink. The first and second Empire were prosperous periods

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Cigarette électronique : vérités et mensonges
Tobacco

Tobacco and electronic cigarette : truths and lies

Before we begin, a few common sense reminders : what is dangerous about tobacco ? Everything and the opposite of everything has been put forward, including the paper that coats the tobacco and the nicotine. The smoke from the roasted tobacco, measured by a tobacco machine, deposits its microparticles on a filter, turning it brown. This condensate contains nicotine, water vapor and a mixture of

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otorragie-saignement-oreille
Ear

Otorrhagia : bleeding from the ear

The otorrhagia secondary to a traumatism of the base of the skull and in particular of the rock, at the time of an accident of the public way for example, which poses the serious problem, in this case, of a communication between the outside (which generally requires a tympanic perforation) and the brain in the event of meningeal breach, which darkens the prognosis. An otorrhagia

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le cholestéatome
Ear

Cholesteatoma

Cholesteatoma is ” skin misplaced in the middle ear” (Gray-1964). Most often, the tumor arises from a posterior superior invagination pocket of the tympanum to which epidermal debris from the duct is deposited by centrifugal migration due to self-cleansing. In this retraction pocket, the epidermal cells will progressively accumulate as the invagination pocket increases in volume. At this stage, the diagnosis can be made by

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Prévenir les incidents ORL des bords de plage
Ear

Preventing ENT incidents on the beach

On the eve of the great summer transhumance, we thought it would be interesting to remind you how to prevent or treat ENT pain, dominated by ear infections related to baths. However, the whole sphere ENT however, the whole sphere is concerned and we will insist each time on prevention, which will allow to avoid a great part of these inconveniences, particularly badly experienced far

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le SNUS, une façon efficace et sans risque d'arrêter de fumer
Tobacco

Is SNUS a safe and effective way to quit smoking ?

As far as we know, the product responsible for the addiction to tobacco is nicotine. Nicotine is a natural pesticide secreted by tobacco plants (but not only). This plant, native to South America, can reach two meters high. Its leaves are green tender, evoking a little the leaf of spinach. It is necessary to cut the flowering tops so that the leaves develop and are

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oreille-du-plongeur
Diver in immersion

The diver’s ear

For the sake of clarity, we will refer to incidents or accidents that affect the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear respectively. This distinction is schematic: an incident occurring in the outer ear may affect the middle ear and it is not uncommon for the middle ear to be associated with an accident occurring in the inner ear.
The outer ear, two

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de l'intérêt des doc's proplug en apnée
Diver in immersion

The interest of Doc’s Proplug in apnea

Well known to many freedivers, Doc’s Proplug certainly deserves a medical commentary, especially since everything has been said about these ventilated (or non-ventilated) plugs, including many fanciful claims. Unquestionably, these ear protectors have their interest, that is why we wanted to mention them here. These anatomical plugs, of American manufacture (Scott, 1977), were initially created for the needs of divers and surfers. By extension, the

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